Galileo Galilei

Standard Name: Galileo Galilei


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Education Lady Hester Pulter
Mark Robson in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography observes that LHP was an educated and highly literate woman.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Whatever her teaching amounted to when she was a child (and her sister Margaret seems to...
Friends, Associates John Milton
While staying in Florence, Milton met Galileo .
Travel Violet Trefusis
Alice Keppel purchased in 1924 a villa overlooking Florence, named Ombrellino. It had once been Galileo 's home; contemporary neighbours included Mabel Dodge and Harold Acton . By 1934 Ombrellino had become VT 's...


The influential work of ancient astronomer Claudius Ptolemaeus (Ptolemy) was translated into Latin.
Autumn 1609
The astronomer Galileo Galilei , using a telescope of his own invention in his garden at Padua, first observed the moons of Jupiter, the rings of Saturn, and mountains on the moon.
12 March 1610
Galileo published at Venice his recent astronomical discoveries (including the existence of the moons of Jupiter) in Sidereus Nuncius, or The Starry Messenger.
22 June 1633
A committee of the Holy Office of the Inquisition passed judgement of heresy on Galileo 's Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems: Ptolemaic and Copernican (published in February 1632).
8 January 1642
The scientist Galileo died, blind and still under the ban of the Inquisition ; Isaac Newton , who inherited his mantle as leading light in the field of science, was born on Christmas Day of...
The Italian scientist Evangelista Torricelli , a pupil of Galileo working on the flow of liquids in confined spaces, invented the first simple barometer.
Christiaan Huygens of Amsterdam patented the first pendulum clock (of which Galileo had produced a prototype fifteen years earlier).
Daniel Fahrenheit developed the mercury thermometer, in which the movement of mercury in a calibrated glass tube allowed for accurate reading of temperature.
For the first time in two hundred years the Papal Index or Index Librorum Prohibitorum did not list Galileo 's Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems: Ptolemaic and Copernican.
9 September 1943
Bertolt Brecht 's Galileo, a powerful drama about the clash between state authorities and intellectual freedom, was first staged, in German, at Zurich in neutral Switzerland.