Pope Pius IX

Standard Name: Pius IX, Pope


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Literary Setting Margaret Roberts
This novel is set in the Rome of Garibaldi and Pius IX , during Italy's revolutionary era. The protagonist is a young opera singer drawn into politics. The Feminist Companion says the novel is notable...
Literary Setting Julia O'Faolain
She sets this wide-ranging story of international power struggles in the Vatican, in Italy, and in France during the nineteenth century, in the last years of papal Rome before the Italians took it...
Occupation Jessie White Mario
JWM conspired to set up means of procuring advance notice for the New York Herald when the ailing Pope Pius IX died and a successor was named; she arranged to receive coded messages from a...
politics Mary Ward
The Institute was confirmed by Pope Pius IX in 1877, and the ban on honouring MW as foundress was finally revoked by Pius X in 1909.
Wetter, Immolata. Letter about Mary Ward to Isobel Grundy.
It seems that no papers presenting an unbiased view...
politics Florence Nightingale
As well as immersing herself in Rome's spiritual life (which was particularly intense following the recent papal election of Pius IX ), FN also took an interest in national politics and the revolutionary ideas of...
Travel Caroline Chisholm
CC travelled through Germany, France and Italy, where Pope Pius IX presented her with a portrait bust of herself and a papal medal.
Kiddle, Margaret, and Sir Douglas Copland. Caroline Chisholm. Melbourne University Press.
Walker, Carole, and Jane L. Littlewood. “A Second Moses in Bonnet and Shawl: Caroline Chisholm, 1808-1877”. Recusant History, Vol.
, No. 3, pp. 409-23.


16 June 1846: Pius IX became Pope after the death of Gregory...

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16 June 1846

Pius IX became Pope after the death of Gregory XVI on 1 June 1846. The new Pope's election was a victory for liberals in the Roman Catholic Church over the conservatives.

24 March 1848: King Charles Albert of Piedmont declared...

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24 March 1848

King Charles Albert of Piedmont declared war on Austria; the outcome was his abdication.

January 1849: Radicals ascended to power in Rome (centre...

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January 1849

Radicals ascended to power in Rome (centre of the Papal States) and established a Roman Republic.

7 February 1851: The Ecclesiastical Titles Act was introduced...

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7 February 1851

The Ecclesiastical Titles Act was introduced into Parliament and quickly passed.

8 December 1854: Pope Pius IX declared the dogma of Immaculate...

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8 December 1854

Pope Pius IX declared the dogma of Immaculate Conception in the papal bull Ineffabilis Deus; this dogma declared the Virgin Mary free from the taint of original sin.

1869: Pope Pius IX decreed that a foetus had a...

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Pope Pius IX decreed that a foetus had a soul from the time of conception.

20 February 1878: Following the death of Pius IX, Leo XIII...

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20 February 1878

Following the death of Pius IX , Leo XIII was elected Pope.


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