The title story (published in German in 1915) had been twice translated into English before the Muirs first published their version in 1949: Eugene Jolas
published his version in transition, 1936, and Albert Lancaster Lloyd
The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka
(1884-1924)—published in German as Die Verwandlung—first appeared in English, translated by A. L. Lloyd
; its English title was later Metamorphosis.