A circular issued by Mao
, leader of the ruling Communist Party
in China, launched the Cultural Revolution in order to introduce a new generation to class struggle. The young Red Guards
25 October 1971
The CommunistPeople's Republic of China was belatedly allowed to join the United Nations
(Taiwan having been first expelled).
4 June 1989
The Chinese government ruthlessly suppressed a massive pro-democracy demonstration held in Tiananmen Square in Beijing; hopes for the development of democratic government faded.