André Gide

Standard Name: Gide, André
Used Form: Andre Gide
AG was a French novelist, playwright, diarist, autobiographer, essayist, and founder of an influential literary magazine. He also wrote controversial works on sexuality and colonialism. He began publishing in the last decade of the nineteenth century and won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1947.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Education Simone de Beauvoir
As a student SB continued her extra-curricular reading. She discovered, through her cousin Jacques Champigneulles , the moderns: Alain-Fournier , Cocteau , Montherlant , Gide , Claudel , Valéry , Barrès , and Adrienne Monnier .
Beauvoir, Simone de. Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter. Kirkup, JamesTranslator , Penguin, 2001.
“Contemporary Authors”. Gale Databases: Literature Resource Centre-LRC.
Family and Intimate relationships Dorothy Bussy
Simon Bussy , Dorothy's future husband, was born Albert Bussy in 1870, at Dole in the Jura, which he left in 1886. He arrived in Paris in 1896, where he studied at the Académie Carmen
Family and Intimate relationships Dorothy Bussy
DB and André Gide met in Cambridge, beginning a close personal and professional relationship.
Lambert, Jean, André Gide, and Dorothy Bussy. “Introduction”. Selected Letters of André Gide and Dorothy Bussy, edited by Richard Tedeschi and Richard Tedeschi, Oxford University Press, 1983, p. vii - xxiii.
Friends, Associates Sylvia Beach
Among the first subscribers were Thérèse Bertrand (later Fontaine) , André Gide , Dorothy and Ezra Pound , and Gertrude Stein .
Beach, Sylvia. Shakespeare and Company. Harcourt, Brace, 1959.
22, 26-7
With the loyal support of French literary figures such as Valery Larbaud
Friends, Associates Colette
Colette knew all the literary and intellectual world of Paris, including André Gide , Maurice Ravel , and Jean Cocteau . Martha Gellhorn was known to her as Marty.
Castle, Terry. “Yes you, sweetheart”. London Review of Books, pp. 3 - 8.
Colette,. Lettres à Sa Fille, 1916-1953. Jouvenel, Anne deEditor , Gallimard, 2003.
Natalie Barney shared...
Friends, Associates Dorothy Bussy
DB and her family had their friend André Gide staying with them for seven months at their home in Nice.
Caws, Mary Ann, and Sarah Bird Wright. Bloomsbury and France: Art and Friends. Oxford University Press, 2000.
Friends, Associates Virginia Woolf
The Hogarth Press began publishing Freud in 1922, and continued through the following years, mainly through their highly successful production of the International Psycho-Analytical Library.
Bishop, Edward. A Virginia Woolf Chronology. Macmillan, 1989.
72, 82
Lee, Hermione. Virginia Woolf. Chatto and Windus, 1996.
Freud's theories circulated around VW for...
Intertextuality and Influence Anita Brookner
Again the protagonist, Kitty Maule, has a mixed national heritage: French/Russian and English. Again she is emotionally impoverished though academically successful; again she falls in love with a charismatic and unattainable man, Maurice Bishop. His...
Leisure and Society Sylvia Beach
At the first literary night of Les Amis de Shakespeare and Company , supporters of SB 's bookshop, André Gide and Paul Valéry both read works by Valéry.
Fitch, Noel Riley. Sylvia Beach and the Lost Generation: A History of Literary Paris in the Twenties and Thirties. W. W. Norton, 1983.
358, 361
Literary responses Dorothy Bussy
DB first wrote Olivia in 1933 and then sent the manuscript to her friend André Gide . Gide found it not very engaging
Caws, Mary Ann, and Sarah Bird Wright. Bloomsbury and France: Art and Friends. Oxford University Press, 2000.
and, according to Mary Ann Caws and Sarah Bird Wright ...
politics Sylvia Townsend Warner
The organisation was set up in 1935, at the end of the First International Congress of Writers held in the Salle de la Mutualité in Paris. It proposed to be a more partisan and...
Author summary Dorothy Bussy
As a writer DB is best known for Olivia, her immensely successful, anonymous or rather pseudonymous, autobiographical novel, published in 1949, about a young girl's development at a French boarding school in the later...
Reception Dorothy Bussy
The book was a great success in England, where it went into twenty printings during the first several weeks of its release. Soon afterwards it was translated into French by Bussy herself and Roger Martin du Gard
Reception Sylvia Beach
Le Mercure de France published its homage to SB , with essays and poems by T. S. Eliot , Janet Flanner , André Gide , James Joyce , Gertrude Stein and others.
Mathews, Jackson, and Maurice Saillet. Sylvia Beach 1887-1962. Mercure de France, 1963.
cover and prelims
Reception Susan Hill
This novel won the Whitbread Literary Award for fiction for 1972.
“Dictionary of Literary Biography online”. Gale Databases: Literature Resource Center-LRC.
Critic Michele Murray called it a thoroughly created piece of work . . . wrought of language, built not from any personal experience,...


21-25 June 1935
The First International Congress of Writers for the Defence of Culture (an anti-fascist event urging the responsibility of writers to their society) was held in Paris.