Standard Name: Shelley, Mary
Birth Name: Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin
Married Name: Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
Pseudonym: Mary S.
Pseudonym: Mrs Caroline Barnard
MS , long known almost exclusively for Frankenstein, is now being read for her later novels and her plays, as well as for her journals and letters. Her editing, reviewing, biographical, and journalistic work entitle her to the designation woman of letters. She is an important figure among women Romantics, and a channel for the reformist ideals of the 1790s forwards into the Victorian era.
|Connections Sort descending||Author name||Excerpt|
|death||Percy Bysshe Shelley||
PBS , poet and husband of Mary Shelley , drowned near La Spezia in Italy when his boat capsized in a storm.
Stephen, Sir Leslie, and Sidney Lee, editors. The Dictionary of National Biography. Smith, Elder, 1908.
|Education||Mary Cowden Clarke||
MCC later remembered her responsibility, when very young, of escorting her two next younger brothers to their school.
Unlike them, she began her education at home. She writes fondly about the rich array of...
Clarke, Mary Cowden. My Long Life. Dodd, Mead, 1896.
|Family and Intimate relationships||Tillie Olsen||
Tillie Lerner's instructor and inspiration in political radicalism, Eugene Konecky , was also interested in erotic relations with young girls.
In summer 1927 she took my first lover—probably a young man named...
Reid, Panthea. Tillie Olsen: One Woman, Many Riddles. Rutgers University Press, 2010.
|Family and Intimate relationships||Mary Wollstonecraft|
|Family and Intimate relationships||W. H. Auden|
|Family and Intimate relationships||William Godwin||
He was already famous (or, to some, infamous) for his writings when he and Mary Wollstonecraft became lovers in August 1796. They married on 29 March 1797 (although both of them disapproved of the institution...
|Family and Intimate relationships||Percy Bysshe Shelley||
In 1814 PBS 's successive half-serious erotic relationships with other women were all displaced by his love for Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin , the daughter of parents, one dead and one living, whom he passionately admired...
|Family and Intimate relationships||Mary Cowden Clarke||
Both Novellos were close friends of Mary Shelley during the 1820s. Mary gave Vincent a lock of the hair of her mother, Mary Wollstonecraft .
Crook, Nora. “Fourteen New Letters by Mary Shelley”. Keats-Shelley Journal, pp. 37 -61.
|Family and Intimate relationships||Elizabeth Inchbald||
Mary Shelley said of EI : Very susceptible to the softer feelings, she could yet guard herself against passion.
Although she was a flirt, she was known to be chaste.
Manvell, Roger. Elizabeth Inchbald: England’s Principal Woman Dramatist and Independent Woman of Letters in 18th Century London. University Press of America, 1987.
Conger, Syndy McMillen. “Multivocality in Mary Shelley’s Unfinished Memoirs of Her Father”. European Romantic Review, No. 3, pp. 303 - 22.
|Friends, Associates||Margiad Evans|
|Friends, Associates||John Keats||
Keats was taught and was influenced as a young man by Charles Cowden Clarke . Another important literary friendship was that with Leigh Hunt , then Percy and Mary Shelley and William Hazlitt .
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
|Friends, Associates||Eliza Fenwick||
On 23 July 1810, after a year which she said had taught [her] new griefs whose nature she does not explain, Fenwick wrote in anguish to Hays, who had stopped communicating with her. She knew...
|Friends, Associates||Eliza Fenwick|
|Friends, Associates||Mary Lamb|
The Last Man, or Omegarus and Syderia, a Romance in Futurity appeared anonymously (twenty years before Mary Shelley 's novel with the same main title): it was translated from Jean-Baptiste François-Xavier Cousin de Grainville 's...
10 April 1815
The largest volcanic eruption in modern times, that of Mount Tambora in what is now Indonesia, buried an entire civilization. It had twice the magnitude of the later Krakatoa eruption.
The launching of the first Rhine pleasure boat powered by steam amazed onlookers and was reported in newspapers. The first cross-Channel steamer began operating the same year.
By 18 September 1820
A nationwide campaign of women petitioning on behalf of
Queen Caroline was one factor in the abandoning of her trial for adultery.
In Also sprach Zarathustra (Thus Spake Zarathustra), Friedrich Nietzsche coined his idea of the lastman, as the citizen of a democray, who has, Nietsche thought, abandoned self-mastery and settled for living as a slave.
By early October 1930
Gerald Howe issued a composite biography entitled Six Women of the World, which had previously made up six volumes in a Representative Women series, 1927-9.