Gertrude Stein

-
Gertrude Stein concerned herself with problems of identity, knowledge, consciousness, and language. In a period of modernist experiment, she became famous as a radically innovative avant-gardist. Her experimental imagination played around with the generic requirements of many forms—short stories, detective stories, novellas, literary portraits, poems, autobiographies, critical essays, operas, plays, and war reminiscences. This often non-referential work is opaque and resistant to interpretation. An expatriate for virtually all of her writing career and of the first half of the twentieth century, living largely in Paris (though in French villages during the Second World War), she marked her writing as deeply American. In the years between the wars she hosted her legendary salon at 27 rue de Fleurus, where, after 1910, she lived with her life partner, Alice B. Toklas . With her brother Leo , Stein was an early collector and promoter of modern, especially cubist, painting.
Black and white photo of Gertude Stein taken by Carl Van Vechten in early 1935. She is standing in front of an American flag, wearing a dark jacket and pale scarf.
"Gertrude Stein" Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gertrude_Stein_1935-01-04.jpg. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.

Milestones

8 a.m., 3February1874
GS was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania.
Brinnin, John Malcolm, and John Ashbery. The Third Rose: Gertrude Stein and her World. Addison-Wesley, 1959.
4-5
Wagner-Martin, Linda. Favored Strangers: Gertrude Stein and Her Family. Rutgers University Press, 1995.
6
1882
At the age of eight, GS tried to write a Shakespeare an drama. She abandoned this project, however, for the less demanding melodrama, Snatched from Death; or, The Sundered Sisters.
Brinnin, John Malcolm, and John Ashbery. The Third Rose: Gertrude Stein and her World. Addison-Wesley, 1959.
11
1 September 1933
GS published The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas.
Wilson, Robert Alfred. Gertrude Stein: A Bibliography. Phoenix Bookshop, 1974.
27-8
Hobhouse, Janet. Everybody Who was Anybody: A Biography of Gertrude Stein. Doubleday, 1975.
139
22 July 1946
GS published Brewsie and Willie, a tale about GIs inspired by her encounters with American soldiers in the Second World War.
Wilson, Robert Alfred. Gertrude Stein: A Bibliography. Phoenix Bookshop, 1974.
50
6:30 pm, 27July1946
GS died of intestinal cancer at the American Hospital in Neuilly, France.
Souhami, Diana. Gertrude and Alice. Pandora Press, 1991.
249
Hobhouse, Janet. Everybody Who was Anybody: A Biography of Gertrude Stein. Doubleday, 1975.
217

Biography

Birth

8 a.m., 3February1874
GS was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania.
Brinnin, John Malcolm, and John Ashbery. The Third Rose: Gertrude Stein and her World. Addison-Wesley, 1959.
4-5
Wagner-Martin, Linda. Favored Strangers: Gertrude Stein and Her Family. Rutgers University Press, 1995.
6