Winifred Maxwell, Countess of Nithsdale

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During the early eighteenth century Winifred, Lady Nithsdale , wrote family letters about business and relationships. She is remembered for the letter to her sister which tells, with a historian's narrative flair and command of detail, how when her husband (a Jacobite) was condemned to death for treason, she planned and carried through the daring coup of smuggling him out of prison.
Lithograph from a painting of Winifred Maxwell, Countess of Nithsdale, by an unknown artist. She is seated with a landscape visible behind, her hand on a small dog that sits beside her. She is wearing a gown with low neck, wide sleeves, and white trim at the sleeves and neckline, plus a long shawl. Her hair is curled, high on top, with part lying spread on her shoulders. Scottish Portrait Gallery.
"Winifred Maxwell, Countess of Nithsdale" Retrieved from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5a/Winifred_Maxwell%2C_Countess_of_Nithsdale.jpg. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.

Milestones

1672
Lady Winifred Herbert (later Nithsdale) was born, the last of a family of six children, all girls except one.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
under Winifred Maxwell
Before 16 April 1718
At the urging of her sister the prioress , WMCN wrote out her story of rescuing her husband (the full relation of what you desired). She provided no date, but an adapted copy (polished, less vivid) was made at Rome on this day.
Fraser, Sir William, editor. The Book of Carlaverock. Privately printed for William lord Herries, 1873.
2: 222, 234
May 1749
WMCN died in Rome after five years of widowhood.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
under Winifred Maxwell
1816
Winifred Nithsdale 's famous letter reached print at Durham a century after the events it relates, as Genuine Account of the Escape of Lord Nithsdale : printed from the original letter.
OCLC WorldCat.

Biography

Birth and Family

1672
Lady Winifred Herbert (later Nithsdale) was born, the last of a family of six children, all girls except one.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
under Winifred Maxwell