Delarivier Manley

-
DM was a pioneer in many fields: poetry, drama, journalism, and fiction, and the genres with which the fiction of her period interlocked: letters, soft pornography, satire, secret history, romance autobiography, and political polemic. She was proud of being first in the field on the Tory side during the pamphlet wars of Queen Anne's reign. As critic Paula McDowell remarks, her writing identity was shaped by the new concept of print culture as an industry, an employer of labour.
McDowell, Paula. The Women of Grub Street: Press, Politics, and Gender in the London Literary Marketplace, 1678-1730. Clarendon, 1998.
243, 220

Milestones

About 1670
DM was probably born this year in the island of Jersey, if not at sea between there and Guernsey.
This account is from Ros Ballaster in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Estimates of her birth date have fluctuated from seven years before this to several years afterwards, and she has been said to have been born in Holland.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Duff, Dolores Diane Clarke. Materials Toward a Biography of Mary Delariviere Manley. Indiana University Press, 1965.
14
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
After July 1694
Living in the country with very little knowledge of the theatre, DM wrote (in seven days, she said) The Lost Lover; or, The Jealous Husband, A Comedy.
Manley, Delarivier. The Lost Lover. R. Bentley, F. Saunders, J. Knapton, and R. Wellington, 1696.
preface
Manley, Delarivier. “Editorial Materials”. A Woman of No Character: An Autobiography of Mrs Manley, edited by Fidelis Morgan, Faber, 1986, p. various pages.
74, 167
26 May-October 1709
DM published anonymously, in two successive volumes, her secret history or political scandal fiction Secret Memoirs from the New Atalantis.
Stephen, Sir Leslie, and Sidney Lee, editors. The Dictionary of National Biography. Smith, Elder, 1908.
Feminist Companion Archive.
3 September 1709
Between the first and second volumes of the New Atalantis, Steele attacked DM in Tatler no. 63 (not for the first time) as dispensing poison with her tongue.
McDowell, Paula. The Women of Grub Street: Press, Politics, and Gender in the London Literary Marketplace, 1678-1730. Clarendon, 1998.
279
9 October 1709
The printer and publisher of DM 's New Atalantis were arrested.
Manley, Delarivier. “Introduction”. New Atalantis, edited by Ros Ballaster, Pickering and Chatto, 1991, p. v - xxviii.
vi
29 October-5 November 1709
DM was imprisoned (to rescue, she said, the printer and publisher of her New Atalantis) until she was bailed.
Ballaster, Ros. “Early Women Writers: Lives and Times. Delarivier Manley (c. 1663-1724)”. The Female Spectator (1995-), No. 1, pp. 2 - 5.
4
11 February 1710
DM was tried for libel on account of her New Atalantis, but discharged.
Manley, Delarivier. “Introduction”. New Atalantis, edited by Ros Ballaster, Pickering and Chatto, 1991, p. v - xxviii.
xv
1721
A political scandal-novel or secret history published in London as originally by Madame d'Aulnoy re-used DM 's title: Bribery in Perfection . . . being fresh Advices from the new Atalantis.
OCLC WorldCat.
11 July 1724
DM died early in the morning, of what were diagnosed as fits of cholic.
Ballaster, Ros. “Early Women Writers: Lives and Times. Delarivier Manley (c. 1663-1724)”. The Female Spectator (1995-), No. 1, pp. 2 - 5.
4
By June 1784
The publisher Kearsley issued an anonymous secret history or scandal fiction entitled The Modern Atalantis set in the island of Libertusia; DM , the obvious model, was not mentioned in the Critical Review's notice.
Critical Review. W. Simpkin and R. Marshall.
57 (1784): 480

Biography

Birth and Family

About 1670
DM was probably born this year in the island of Jersey, if not at sea between there and Guernsey.
This account is from Ros Ballaster in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Estimates of her birth date have fluctuated from seven years before this to several years afterwards, and she has been said to have been born in Holland.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Duff, Dolores Diane Clarke. Materials Toward a Biography of Mary Delariviere Manley. Indiana University Press, 1965.
14
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.