Anna O.

Standard Name: Anna O.
Used Form: Pappenheim, Bertha


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Josef Breuer worked with and studied Anna O., who became one of the most famous cases of hysteria.
December 1880-June 1882
Josef Breuer 's work with his patient Anna O. resulted in his theorization of the cathartic method in the treatment of hysteria.
After June 1882
Bertha Pappenheim, the hysterical patient known as Anna O., was placed in Bellevue Sanatorium for four months without her consent.
Sigmund Freud and Josef Breuer published their influential Studies on Hysteria, a foundational text for psychoanalysis.
The first national Jewish women's organization, Jüdisches Frauenbund (JFB), was founded in Germany.