published his first poetry volume since winning the Nobel Prize for Literature the previous year: The Spirit Level, dedicated to Helen Vendler
Fox, Margaret, and James McKinley. “Keeper of the Irish Essence”. The Globe and Mail, p. S12.
Heaney, Seamus. The Spirit Level. Faber, 1996.
The volume was criticised more generally for its consistently negative images of men and masculinity. Helen Vendler
found in the poems a deliberate refusal of the modulations of intelligence in favor of . ....