Toni Morrison

TM 's eleven novels give her a place as one of the major American novelists of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Her books of non-fiction—speeches and essays on social and literary topics— give her an equally high place among American thinkers. She showed her versatility in less predictable genres: songs, theatrical works, and children's works in collaboration with her son Slade. Her themes have been summarized as the position of black people in US society; the damage men do to women; the sustaining bonds between women; the power of memory and the impact of the past on the present; the corruption of innocence; redemption.
Birne, Eleanor. “Drip-Feed”. London Review of Books, p. 23.
In 1993 TM won the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Head-shot in colour of Toni Morrison with a big smile. She is wearing red lipstick, gold earrings, and a black jacket over a leopard-spotted shirt. Her hair is short and grey.
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18 February 1931
TM was born as Chloe Anthony Wofford in the small steel town of Lorain, Ohio, USA, second of four children.
Schlessinger, Bernard S., and June H. Schlessinger, editors. The Who’s Who of Nobel Prize Winners, 1901-1995. Oryx Press, 1996.
Brockes, Emma. “Home truths”. The Guardian, pp. Weekend 30 - 5.
Weekend 31
Early 1970
TM published her first novel, The Bluest Eye.
Book Review Digest. H. W. Wilson, 1913.
(1971): 93
By mid-1987
TM published perhaps her most famous novel of all, Beloved, a historical work about the enslaved protagonist's relationship with her daughter, whom she kills to effect her escape from slavery.
Book Review Index. Gale Research.
(1987): 543
5 August 2019
TM died in Montefiore Medical Center, New York, of complications from pneumonia. Literary people worldwide responded with an outpouring of grief and appreciation.
Lea, Richard, and Sian Cain. “Toni Morrison, author and Nobel laureate, dies aged 88”.


She said she was kind of split. My name is Chloe. And the rest is . . . that other person, who is able to deal with celebrityhood.
Brockes, Emma. “Home truths”. The Guardian, pp. Weekend 30 - 5.
Weekend 33

Birth and Background