Josephine Butler

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Social reformer JB is primarily remembered for her unrelenting efforts in the campaign against the Contagious Diseases Acts during the second half of the nineteenth century. She was both a gifted orator and a prolific writer on the many causes she espoused. Author of nearly forty pamphlets, she also composed books of political and personal writings: essays, biographies of people whose lives influenced her own, and an autobiography. Almost all of her writings address questions of social and political import—the repeal campaign, the double sexual standard, women's rights, and religious issues.
Petrie, Glen. A Singular Iniquity: The Campaigns of Josephine Butler. Macmillan, 1971.
291-3
Photograph of a charcoal sketch of Josephine Butler, depicted from the side with her head turned towards the viewer. Her hair is pulled back loosely and she is wearing a simple dress.
"Josephine Butler" Retrieved from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7d/Josephine_Butler.jpg. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.

Milestones

13 April 1828
Josephine Elizabeth Grey (later JB ) was born, the seventh of nine surviving children in her family, at Milfield Hill, Glendale, Northumberland.
Butler, Josephine. “Times: Obituary Notice of Mrs. Butler”. Personal Reminiscences of a Great Crusade, Hyperion Press, 1989, p. vii - x.
vii
Stephen, Sir Leslie, and Sidney Lee, editors. The Dictionary of National Biography. Smith, Elder, 1908.
Caine, Barbara. Victorian Feminists. Oxford University Press, 1992.
156
By mid-1868
JB 's first published writing appeared, a pamphlet entitled The Education and Employment of Women.
Kelly, Gary, and Edd Applegate, editors. Dictionary of Literary Biography 190. Gale Research, 1998.
190: 67
Jordan, Jane. Josephine Butler. John Murray, 2001.
95
March 1869
JB edited and supplied the introduction to the feminist collection Woman's Work and Woman's Culture: A Series of Essays by various hands.
Roberts, Shirley. Sophia Jex-Blake. Routledge, 1993.
48, 80
The Athenaeum Index of Reviews and Reviewers: 1830-1870.
Solo: Search Oxford University Libraries Online.
1901
After the death of her closest sister, Hattie, JB published a biography titled In Memoriam: Harriet Meuricoffre—her final work, except an introductory letter for a little book published at Rochester, Kent, by James Marchant , 1904.
Marchant's book is A Record of a Great Moral Crusade in Chatham.
Kelly, Gary, and Edd Applegate, editors. Dictionary of Literary Biography 190. Gale Research, 1998.
190: 65
British Library Catalogue.
30 December 1906
JB died at Wooler, near Milfield in Northumberland, in the company only of her landlady and her nurse.
Stephen, Sir Leslie, and Sidney Lee, editors. The Dictionary of National Biography. Smith, Elder, 1908.
Jordan, Jane. Josephine Butler. John Murray, 2001.
295

Biography

Birth, Family, Early Influences

13 April 1828
Josephine Elizabeth Grey (later JB ) was born, the seventh of nine surviving children in her family, at Milfield Hill, Glendale, Northumberland.
Butler, Josephine. “Times: Obituary Notice of Mrs. Butler”. Personal Reminiscences of a Great Crusade, Hyperion Press, 1989, p. vii - x.
vii
Stephen, Sir Leslie, and Sidney Lee, editors. The Dictionary of National Biography. Smith, Elder, 1908.
Caine, Barbara. Victorian Feminists. Oxford University Press, 1992.
156