's father, Hughes Murdoch
, was civil servant, who served as a cavalry officer during the first World War. At the time of his marriage he was just back from service with King Edward's Horse
Intertextuality and Influence
In shaping her thought, her father
's influence was primary. Later influences on her thinking and therefore also in her novels were provided by Dostoevsky
in particular, by existentialist philosophy as embodied in Sartre
: Romantic Rationalist, a philosophical monograph: her first book, and the earliest by anyone on Sartre's work, dedicated to her mother
Conradi, Peter J. Iris Murdoch. A Life. HarperCollins, 2002.
Conradi, Peter J. “A Literary Witness to Good and Evil”. Guardian Weekly, Guardian Publications, p. 24.