Emma Caroline Michell (later ECW) was born in Lisbon
, the youngest of two sons and three daughters in her family.
By 29 July 1865
ECW and her daughter Anna Steele
published a book which was Emma's first (but Anna's second): Ephemera
, a co-authored collection of poetry under the pseudonyms 'Helen and Gabrielle Carr'.
By 22 March 1879
Under her own name ECW published her final novel, Youth on the Prow
(whose title is quoted from Thomas Gray
), again in three volumes.