Elizabeth Stuart Phelps entry: Overview screen.
ESP began writing at an early age, publishing a "semi-column" in the children's journal Youth's Companion
when she was thirteen.
ESP's literary position was established with the publication of her novel The Gates Ajar
, for which she is now best known.
By 23 April 1870
ESP's novel Hedged In
was published; an industrial novel, The Silent Partner
, followed this in 1871.
28 January 1911
ESP died of heart failure at her Newton house in Boston