Ouida entry: Overview screen.
Writing and Life
Works By
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Ouida published 44 volumes of fiction, primarily novels, but also novellas and short stories for both children and adults. Often publishing more than one book a year, she was also a prolific essayist who wrote on matters of politics and literature. Her first, three-decker novels, from the 1860s, often centred on the adventures of military men and were characterized as sensation novels. After she moved to Italy in the early 1870s, she wrote a number of novels concerned with the conditions of the government and population (especially the poor) of that country.
Ouida was highy popular until her sales began to decline in the early 1890s. Criticised for her style and vilified by a number of prominent critics in the 1860s and 1870s for the moral, even national, dissipation which her transgressive narratives were thought to cause, Ouida was later acclaimed by some (Marie Corelli, for example) as a genius. Critical attention to her work has been sparse since her death: a modest amount of comment has addressed her part in the sensation novel (especially what Carol Poster calls "domestic sensationalism"). Bibliographic Citation link.
1 January 1839 Marie Louise Ramé (later Ouida) was born at 1 Union Terrace in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. Bibliographic Citation link.
By 2 December 1867 After its serialization in the British Army and Navy Review, Ouida published the novel Under Two Flags: A Story of the Household and the Desert, often considered to be her "most enduring" Bibliographic Citation link. work. Bibliographic Citation link.
March 1903 Ouida was contracted by Macmillan to write her final novel, Helianthus. Bibliographic Citation link.
25 January 1908 Ouida, penniless, died of pneumonia at Viareggio in Italy. Bibliographic Citation link.
1908 Ouida's final (and unfinished) novel, Helianthus, was posthumously published in the year of her death. Bibliographic Citation link.
1936 A film based on Ouida's Under Two Flags was produced, starring Ronald Colman and Claudette Colbert as Cigarette. Bibliographic Citation link.
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