George Orwell entry: Overview screen.
Writing and Life
Works By
Through the mid part of the twentieth century George Orwell was prominent as a reporter on the social and political scene: he was one of those whose reporting helped to shape opinion and whose accounts now seem vital to understanding those times. Several of his essays have canonical status as much on historical as literary grounds. He published novels as well as non-fiction, but his two most famous novels, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, are continuous in aim and effect with his polemical writing. The impact of these two novels was immediately felt and is still being felt in the twenty-first century.
25 June 1903 Eric Blair, British novelist and political writer who wrote under the name of GO, was born in Motihari, Bengal, India, the middle one and the only boy in a family of three children. Bibliographic Citation link.
1933 Eric Blair, using the pseudonym 'George Orwell', published his first book, Down and Out in Paris and London, an account of his first-hand experiences with poverty in those cities. Bibliographic Citation link.
February 1944 GO completed his well-known satirical fable, Animal Farm, which was rejected for publication by Gollancz, Cape, Collins, and Faber (in the person of T. S. Eliot). Bibliographic Citation link.
17 August 1945 GO's dystopian political novel Animal Farm was eventually published by the left-wing firm of Secker and Warburg, after the end of the war in Europe which had caused its earlier rejections. Bibliographic Citation link.
8 June 1949 GO published Nineteen Eighty-Four, his well-known dystopian novel anatomising totalitarianism. Bibliographic Citation link.
21 January 1950 GO, British novelist and political writer, died in London of a tubercular haemorrhage. Bibliographic Citation link.
December 1954 The world premiere of an animated film of GO's Animal Farm, funded by the CIA and in course of production since 1951, was held at the Paris Theatre in New York. Bibliographic Citation link.
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