Queen Elizabeth I entry: Overview screen.
Writing and Life
Works By
Queen Elizabeth I was a scholar by training and inclination (who wrote translations both as learning exercises and for recreation), as well as a writer in many genres and several languages. As monarch she wrote speeches, and all her life she wrote letters, poems, and prayers. (Some of these categories occasionally overlap.) Once her writing moved beyond the dutifulness of her youth, she had a pungent and forceful style both in prose and poetry.
7 September 1533 The birth of Princess Elizabeth (later QEI), at Greenwich, near London, almost nine months after her parents' secret marriage, was a severe blow to both of them because of her sex. Bibliographic Citation link.
31 July 1544 The precocious child who would one day be QEI wrote her earliest surviving letter, in Italian, to her stepmother Katherine Parr. Bibliographic Citation link.
9 August 1588 QEI delivered the speech containing probably the most famous of her words, at Tilbury on the Thames estuary, to troops ready to embark against the Spanish Armada. Bibliographic Citation link.
17 February 1603 QEI's latest surviving dated writing is a letter to Charles Blount, Lord Mountjoy (later Earl of Devon), regarding the Irish rebel leader, Hugh O'Neill, Lord Tyrone. Bibliographic Citation link.
24 March 1603 At 3 a.m. QEI "departed this lyfe, mildly like a lambe, easily like a ripe apple from the tree" Bibliographic Citation link. (probably of bronchitis or pneumonia); James VI of Scotland succeeded her as James I of England. Bibliographic Citation link.
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