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Jane Hume Clapperton entry: Overview screen.
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Jane Hume Clapperton wrote several works of social theory in the late nineteenth century that combined her feminist ethos with her concern for the social problems facing contemporary England. She advanced a philosophy of social reform that was based on the principles of evolutionary theory and drew substantially on the theory of evolutionary eugenics, yet maintained a radical critique of contemporary sexual relations and advanced the principles of communal living and municipal socialism. In addition to the two lengthy books of social theory for which she is best known, she wrote at least two pamphlets and published occasional articles in mainstream and feminist journals. She also penned a utopian novel in which her theories of communal living are put into fictional practice. Jane Hume Clapperton was a spirited defender of the suffrage cause and regarded education—particularly sex education—as pivotal to the political, economic, and legal advancement of women.
Milestones
22 September 1832 Jane Hume Clapperton was born in Edinburgh, in the parish of St Cuthbert's, the tenth of twelve children. Bibliographic Citation link.
May 1880 Probably JHC's first piece of published writing, an article entitled "Agnosticism and Women: A Reply" (to a piece by Bertha Lathbury the previous month), appeared in The Nineteenth Century. Bibliographic Citation link.  scholarly note link.
24 October 1885 Published on this day, JHC's first lengthy work, Scientific Meliorism and the Evolution of Happiness, an exposition of social theory based on the principles of evolutionary eugenics, brought her to the attention of the public. Bibliographic Citation link.
7 May 1904 JHC's final known work, A Vision of the Future, another book of social theory, appeared in print. Bibliographic Citation link.
30 September 1914 JHC died suddenly from a cerebral haemorrhage at her home, 35 Drummond Place, Edinburgh. Bibliographic Citation link.
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